Developed in the 1980s, the excimer laser is computer controlled. It removes precise amounts of tissue from the cornea, allowing the cornea to be sculpted to achieve predictable changes in vision. This provides a high degree of safety and precision for laser-assisted procedures such as LASIK.
Is LASIK Safe?
LASIK has among the highest safety rates of any medical procedure. The safety and effectiveness of LASIK is proven by an enormous body of scientific evidence gathered by hundreds of academic medical researchers. It is on the basis of this clinical data– one of the largest ever compiled concerning a medical procedure – that LASIK can be considered very safe and effective.
Despite the pluses, there are some disadvantages to LASIK eye surgery:
Some patients experience discomfort in the first 24 to 48 hours after LASIK eye surgery. Other side effects, although rare, may include:
LASIK is an abbreviation for "laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis." The steps of LASIK surgery include: 1. Eye numbing drops are given before surgery to prevent pain. 2. An eyelid holder keeps the eye open and prevents blinking. 3. A suction ring is placed on the eye to keep the eye from moving and to lift and flatten the cornea. 4. The eye surgeon creates a flap in the cornea. The surgeon may use either a surgical blade called a microkeratome or a femtosecond laser. The flap is folded back to reveal the cornea's midsection (stroma). 5. The excimer laser sculpts the exposed corneal tissue. 6. The corneal flap is put back in place. It reattaches within a few minutes without stutures. 7. Eye drops are applied to aid healing. After surgery, your eyes may burn, itch, or feel irritated. This usually goes away within a day or so. It's important not to rub your eyes because this could move the flap. You will likely notice improved vision by the next day, although it can take as long as three to six months for vision o stabilize.
Doctors have developed other surgeries similar to the standard LASIK procedure. These include the following.
Dr. Kumral will choose the most suitable method for your eyes after thorough complimentary consultation.